A Hydroplant no matter what type consists of five components:
Purpose of the components
The dam (1) accumulates waters and permits a controlled derivative of water.
The canal (2) leads up the water from the dam to the waterintake.
The waterintake (3) has the task to unite the derived water to a central cleaning basin. This basin fulfills several functions:
Dam, canal and waterintake can be combined with small plants into only one building.
The pressure hose (5) leads that water, taken from the brook with as small hydraulic losses as possible (friction, tubing curvatures, etc..) and small interferences into nature to the powerplant.
The powerplant (7) converts the water supplied by way of the pressure hose in the turbine into mechanical energy (rotational energy). A generator changes rotational energy into electricity. A revision valve (6) permits a working on the standing turbine as well as on the nozzles.
The tailrace (8) ensures for the fact that the processed water is attributed to the fastest way again into original brook.
Electrical system converts the current/tension produced by the generator, into the tension demanded by the consumer (e.g. 12/24V for the storage batteries).